16. DISPOSAL FROM MARK OR FREE KICK
16.1 STANDING THE MARK AND TEN-METRE PROTECTED AREA
16.1.1 Standing the Mark
When a Player is awarded a Mark or Free Kick or is Kicking into play after a Behind has been scored, one Player from the opposing Team may stand at the position on the Playing Surface where the Mark or Free Kick was awarded or where the field Umpire otherwise directs the Player to stand. The position on the Playing Surface where the opposing Player stands is known as “the mark”.
16.1.2 Protected Area
The Protected Area is a corridor which extends from 5 metres either side of the mark to 5 metres either side of, and a 5-metre radius behind, the Player with the football, as illustrated in Diagram 2. No Player shall enter and remain in the Protected Area unless the field Umpire calls “Play On” or the Player is accompanying or following within 5 metres of their opponent.
16.2 PLAYING FROM BEHIND THE MARK
A Player who has been awarded a Mark or Free Kick shall dispose of the football from directly behind the mark. If a Player disposes or attempts to dispose of the football other than in a direct line over the mark, the field Umpire shall call “Play On” and the football shall immediately be in play. This Law does not apply if a Player is disposing of the football from beyond the Goal Line, Behind Line or Boundary Line, in which case Laws 16.4 or 16.5 shall apply.
16.3 KICKING FOR GOAL
16.3.1 Centre of Goal Line
(a) Where a Player is Kicking for a Goal after being awarded a Mark or a Free Kick, the Kick shall be taken along a direct line from the mark to the centre of the Goal Line.
(b) Where a Player is Kicking for a Goal after being awarded a Mark or Free Kick in the Goal Square, the Kick shall be taken from directly in front of the Goals from a spot horizontally across from where the Mark or Free Kick was awarded.
16.3.2 Encroaching the Mark whilst Player is Kicking for Goal
If the Player standing the mark encroaches the mark whilst a Player is in the act of Kicking for Goal, the following shall apply:
(a) if a Goal is Kicked, the field Umpire shall signal “All Clear” and a Goal shall be recorded; and
(b) if a Goal is not Kicked, the Player may elect to take another Kick, in which case the Player shall also be awarded a Fifty-Metre Penalty.
16.4 DISPOSAL BY A DEFENDING PLAYER — GOAL LINE AND BEHIND LINE
If a defending Player is awarded a Free Kick or a Mark and is given or takes possession of the football beyond the Goal Line or Behind Line, the following shall apply:
(a) the Player standing the mark must be positioned 5 metres away from the Goal Line or Behind Line, as the case may be;
(b) the defending Player may Play On in any direction provided the Player first crosses the Goal Line or Behind Line prior to disposing of the football;
(c) if the defending Player decides to play from beyond the Goal Line or Behind Line, they may Kick or Handball the football in any direction provided they do not move off the direct line between themself and the Player standing the mark. If the defending Player does move from this line, the field Umpire shall call “Play On” and the goal Umpire shall signal and record a Behind; and
(d) if the defending Player, in disposing of the football, hits either the goal or behind post, the Player shall be given the football again to recommence play.
16.5 DISPOSAL — FROM OUT OF BOUNDS
16.5.1 When Permitted
(a) A Player who is awarded a Free Kick or a Mark may bring the football into play from beyond the Boundary Line provided that the Player moves in one direction whilst in the act of Kicking, Handballing or moving to cross the Boundary Line.
(b) If a Player taking their Kick from outside the Boundary Line
(i) fails to bring the football into play;
(ii) attempts to play on outside the boundary line; or
(iii) does not bring the football into play in accordance with 16.5.1 (a) then the football shall be deemed to be Out of Bounds and the boundary Umpire shall throw the football back into play at the spot where the original Mark or Free Kick took place.
16.5.2 Standing the Mark Adjacent to Behind Post
Where a Player is given or takes possession of the football beyond the Boundary Line within 2 metres of the behind post, the Player standing the mark must be positioned 5 metres away from the Boundary Line.
16.5.3 Football Back in Play
The football is deemed to be back in play when any portion of it is on or above the Boundary Line.
16.6 DISPOSAL WHERE PLAYER AWARDED FREE KICK OR MARK IS INJURED
Where a Player is awarded a Free Kick or a Mark and, in the opinion of the field Umpire, that Player is suffering from an injury which will prevent him from disposing of the football, the Player who is nearest to and on the same Team as the Player awarded the Free Kick or Mark, shall dispose of the football at the location (or as near as possible) where the Free Kick or Mark was awarded.
16.7 FURTHER BREACH OF LAWS BEFORE DISPOSAL
(a) Where a Player has been awarded a Free Kick or a Mark and before disposing of the football that Player or a Player from the same Team engages in conduct which contravenes these Laws, then the field Umpire shall award a Free Kick to the Player against whom the conduct was directed or who is nearest to where the conduct occurred.
(b) Where a Field Umpire has awarded a Free Kick or a Mark to a Player and before disposing of the football a Player from the opposition Team engages in conduct for which a Free Kick would ordinarily be awarded, then the resultant Free Kick shall be taken where the offence occurred, or a Fifty-Metre Penalty shall be awarded to the Player with the original Free Kick or Mark, whichever is the greater penalty against the offending Team.