18. FIFTY-METRE PENALTY
18.1 WHEN IMPOSED
Where a field Umpire has awarded a Free Kick or a Mark to a Player, the field Umpire shall also award a Fifty-Metre Penalty in favour of that Player if the field Umpire is of the opinion that any Player or Official from the opposing side:
(a) has encroached the mark;
(b) engages in Time Wasting;
(c) uses abusive, insulting, threatening or obscene language towards an Umpire;
(d) behaves in an abusive, insulting, threatening or obscene manner towards an Umpire or disputes the decision of an Umpire;
(e) enters the Protected Area, except when the Player is accompanying or following within 5 metres of their opponent;
(f) has not returned the football directly and on the full to the Player awarded the Free Kick or Mark;
(g) engages in any other conduct for which a Free Kick would ordinarily be awarded, in accordance with 16.7 (b);
(h) when not in the immediate contest, holds a Player after that Player has Marked the football or who has been awarded a Free Kick; or
(i) a Player in the contest who unreasonably holds a Player after that Player has Marked the football or who has been awarded a Free Kick.
18.2 IMPOSING A FIFTY-METRE PENALTY
When the field Umpire imposes a Fifty-Metre Penalty, the following procedure shall apply:
(a) the field Umpire shall signal to the Timekeeper to stop the clock used for the timing of the Match for such time as it takes to impose the Fifty-Metre Penalty;
(b) the field Umpire shall advance the mark by 50 metres in a direct line with the centre of the Goal Line; and
(c) if the Player who is obtaining the benefit of the Fifty-Metre Penalty is less than 50 metres from the Goal Line, the mark shall become the centre of the Goal Line.
18.3 LOCAL CONDITIONS
A Controlling Body may reduce the distance of a Fifty-Metre Penalty to 25 metres for the Matches played in the competition conducted by the Controlling Body.