AFL Rules: Scoring: Goals & Behinds

12. SCORING: GOALS AND BEHINDS

12.1 GOALS AND BEHINDS

12.1.1 Scoring a Goal
Subject to Law 12.2, a Goal is scored when the football is Kicked completely over the Goal Line by a Player of the attacking Team without being touched by any other Player, even if the football first touches the ground.

12.1.2 Scoring a Behind
Subject to Law 12.2, a Behind is scored when any of the following occurs:
(a) the football touches or passes over the goal post or touches padding or any other attachment to the goal post; or
(b) the football passes completely over the Behind Line or
(c) a Player of the attacking Team Kicks the football over the Goal Line but before passing over the Goal Line, the football is touched by another Player; or
(d) if a Player from the defending Team Kicks, Handballs, knocks or otherwise takes the football over the Goal Line or Behind Line; or
(e) if a defending Player Plays On from behind the Goal Line or Behind Line and, in doing so, moves off the direct line between themself and the Player standing the mark.

12.1.3 Clarification and Examples
For the avoidance of doubt:
(a) if the football touches an Umpire or any Official and then passes over the Goal or Behind Line, a Goal or Behind, as the case may be, shall still be recorded;
(b) if the football touches an Umpire or any Official and does not pass over the Goal or Behind Line, the football shall remain in play;
(c) if a football is Kicked by a Player on the attacking Team at the time when another Player is touching the football, the football shall be deemed to have been touched by that Player; and
(d) a football passes over a Goal Line or Behind Line only when the entire football has passed over the Goal Line or Behind Line, as the case may be.

12.1.4 Football Touching the Behind Post
Where a football touches or passes over a behind post, the football shall be Out of Bounds or Out of Bounds on the Full.

12.1.5 Goal Umpire to Judge Goal or Behind
(a) The goal Umpire shall decide whether a Goal or Behind has been scored but may, before deciding, consult with the field or boundary Umpires or the official scorer. The decision of the goal Umpire shall be final. The goal Umpire shall only signal that a Goal or Behind has been scored when the field Umpire signals “All Clear” or “Touched All Clear”, as the case may be.
(b) Law 12.1.5 (a) does not apply if a Controlling Body prescribes that a field Umpire may overrule the decision of a goal Umpire who has not been appointed by the Controlling Body.

12.2 ALL CLEAR AND TOUCHED ALL CLEAR

12.2.1 Signal by Field Umpire
A Goal or a Behind shall only be signalled by a goal Umpire and recorded as a Goal or Behind when:
(a) in the case of the football passing over the Goal or Behind Line, or touching or passing over the goal post, or touching padding or any other attachment to the goal post, the field Umpire signals “All Clear”; and
(b) in the case of the football being touched by another Player and then passing over the Goal Line, or touching or passing over the goal post, the field Umpire signals “Touched All Clear”.

12.2.2 Goal Umpire to Notify Field Umpire
(a) Where the goal Umpire is of the opinion that a Goal or Behind has been scored and the field Umpire has allowed play to continue, the goal Umpire shall
immediately notify the field Umpire. Upon being notified by the goal Umpire, the field Umpire shall stop play and signal “All Clear” or “Touched All Clear”, as the case may be, and the Goal or Behind shall be signalled by the goal Umpire and recorded as a score.Play shall then recommence in accordance with these Laws.
(b) Unless Law 12.4.1 applies, any Free Kick awarded to a Player before the field Umpire signals All Clear or Touched All Clear under Law 12.2.2 (a) shall be cancelled.

12.3 SIGNALLING A GOAL OR BEHIND

12.3.1 Goal
The goal Umpire shall signal that a Goal has been scored by raising both index fingers and then waving two flags.

12.3.2 Behind
The goal Umpire shall signal that a Behind has been scored by raising one index finger and then waving one flag.

12.3.3 Changing a Decision
(a) The goal Umpire may change their decision about the scoring of a Goal or a Behind if and only if the goal Umpire notifies the field Umpire before the football is brought back into play.
(b) A goal Umpire shall signal that the scoring of a Goal or Behind has been changed by:
(i) immediately standing on the centre of the Goal Line and holding both flags above their head in a crossed position; and
(ii) then signalling the new score or advising the boundary Umpire to signal Out of Bounds or Out of Bounds on the Full, as the case may be.

12.4 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FREE KICKS AND ALL CLEAR

12.4.1 Free Kick Awarded Before All Clear
Where a Free Kick is awarded to a Player immediately after the football passes the Goal or Behind Line but before the field Umpire signals “All Clear” or “Touched All Clear”, the following shall apply:
(a) Where the Player is in attack the field Umpire shall signal “All Clear” or “Touched All Clear”, after which the goal Umpire shall signal and record the score; and
(i) the Free Kick shall then be taken where the infringement occurred, or the position at which the football is brought back into play, whichever is the greater penalty against the offending Team.
(b) Where the Player is defending the field Umpire shall not signal “All clear” or “Touched All Clear” and a Free Kick shall be awarded.

12.4.2 All Clear Given but Play has not Recommenced
(a) Where a Free Kick is awarded to a Player during the period when the field Umpire has signalled “All Clear” for a Goal to be recorded and the football is bounced in the Centre Circle, the Free Kick shall be taken where the infringement occurred, or at the Centre Circle, whichever is the greater penalty against the offending Team.
(b) Where a Free Kick is awarded to a Player after the field Umpire has signalled “All Clear” or “Touched All Clear” for a Behind to be recorded but before the football is being brought back into play, the Free Kick shall be taken from the following positions:
(i) in the case of a Free Kick being awarded to the defending Team, where the infringement occurred, or the field Umpire shall award a Fifty- Metre Penalty from the Kick-Off Line, whichever is the greater penalty against the attacking Team; or
(ii) in the case of a Free Kick being awarded to the attacking Team, the centre of the Kick-Off Line, or where the infringement occurred, whichever is the greater penalty against the offending Team.

12.5 SCORING GOAL OR BEHIND AFTER PLAY HAS ENDED

12.5.1 Goal or Behind Recorded in Certain Circumstances
Even though play has come to an end, a Goal or Behind shall be recorded for a Team if:
(a) the Goal or Behind is scored by a Player from a Free Kick or Mark which was awarded to the Player before play came to an end; or
(b) the Goal or Behind was scored by a Player who disposed of the football before play came to an end; or
(c) the Goal or Behind is scored by a Player who was awarded a Free Kick under Law 12.6.

12.5.2 Football Touched in Transit
A Behind shall still be recorded under Law 12.5.1 if the football is touched in transit by another Player, provided the field Umpire is satisfied that the scoring of the Behind was not assisted by a Player from the same Team.

12.5.3 Field Umpire Sole Judge
A field Umpire or an Emergency Umpire (if applicable) shall be the sole judge in deciding whether a Free Kick or Mark should be awarded or whether the football was disposed of by a Player before play came to an end.

12.6 FREE KICK AFTER PLAY HAS ENDED

12.6.1 Before Kick or in the Act of Kicking
After a field Umpire has signalled that play has come to an end, any field Umpire may award a Free Kick to any Player when a Player is preparing to Kick or in the act of Kicking for Goal. In such a case, the following shall apply:
(a) if the Player awarded the Free Kick is playing for the attacking Team, the Free Kick shall be awarded to the Player where the infringement occurred or, the Player in the attacking Team who is preparing to Kick or in the act of Kicking for Goal shall be awarded a Fifty-Metre Penalty, whichever is the greater penalty against the defending Team; or
(b) if the Player awarded the Free Kick is playing for the defending Team, the Player shall be awarded the Free Kick where the infringement occurred or where the football is at the time of the infringement, whichever is the greater penalty against the attacking Team.

12.6.2 After the Kick
After a field Umpire has signalled that play has come to an end, any field Umpire may award a Free Kick to any Player during the period when a Player has Kicked for Goal and the football is in transit or during the period when a Player has Kicked a Goal or Behind but before the field Umpire has signalled “All Clear” or “Touched All Clear”. In such cases, the following shall apply:
(a) if the Player awarded the Free Kick is playing for the attacking Team and a Goal is Kicked, the field Umpire shall signal “All Clear” and a Goal shall be recorded; or
(b) if the Player awarded the Free Kick is playing for the attacking Team and a Goal is not scored, then that Player may take the Free Kick where it was awarded or where the football is at the time the Free Kick was awarded, whichever is the greater penalty or where a Behind is scored, elect to have the Behind recorded; or
(c) if the Player awarded the Free Kick is playing for the defending Team, the Player shall be awarded the Free Kick where the infringement occurred.
For the avoidance of doubt, any Goal or Behind which would have been recorded in favour of the attacking Team but for the awarding of the Free Kick to a Player on the defending Team, shall not be recorded.

12.7 RECORDING SCORES

A Controlling Body may appoint a person or persons to record the scores of a Match independently from the goal Umpires. Where the goal Umpires cannot agree on the final score of a Match, the Controlling Body may take into account the scores recorded by the person(s) so appointed to determine the result of a Match.